Read e-book online Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in PDF

By N. Papayanis

this is often apoliticalbiography ofAlphonseMerrheim, asignificant chief of the Conf6d6ration G6n6raledu Travail(CGT)intheyears among 1904 and 1923 and an important member of the Federation of Metalworkers through the sameperiod. Hewas born inthe Nord in 1871 and becameaworkeratanearlyage, firstinmetallurgythanintextiles and at last once again in metalworking. In his ideologicalevolution hepassed via asocialistpoliticalpartyandthenconvertedtorevolutionarys- dicalism. In his strange fusion of concept and perform, Merrheim represented a sort of progressive syndicalism that is helping outline the features of that stream. He believed, alongwithother revo- tionary syndicalists, that sooner or later a employees' basic strike may ov- throw capitalism. however the syndicalist move wouldpreparethat ev- tualitybystrengtheningtheworkersthrough socialreformsandbycreating their classification attention via schooling. Merrheim, even if, p- ticipatedsothoroughly intradeunionactivityandstudiedtheorganization of capitalistindustry so carefullythat he cametoemphasizetheprepa- tions for this type of generalstrike even more than thestrikeitself. The attempt of his angle cameon theeve of, in the course of, and instantly afterWorld warfare I; for opposite tothe calls for of definite militant and innovative workerswhobelievedthatthethreatofwar andthenthedislocationcaused by means of the battle demanded a innovative reaction, Merrheim again and again stressedthe hazards ofsuch anaction ahead of the adequatepreparation of the employees. Hissteadfast refusaleventorespondtothestrikeactions of a few ofhisown metalworkers in 1919 exhibits the principal contradiction among hisrevolutionary concept and reformistpractice. This ebook examinesindetailMerrheim'sevolution fromarevolutionary to areformer. Insodoingit alsoshedslightonanequallysubstantialtopic, specifically, howacertaintypeofworkerrespondedtoindustrializationinthe past due 19th and earlytwentiethcenturies. Merrheim is a fascinating determine, too, becauseofhispositioninthelabormovement, foritrepresents a special focalpoint forthestudy oflaborhistory. Merrheim enteredthe Frenchlabormovement within the Eighteen Nineties and remainedactiveinituntil 1923. in the course of that periodhewas, successively, alocalunion chief, co-secretary xii of a nationallaborfederation, and animportant figurewithinthe CGT. by no means thesecretary-generaloftheCGT, hewasneverthelesstheconfident of thesecretary-generalfrom 1909, L6on Jouhaux.

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Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in Revolutionary Syndicalism, 1871 – 1925 (Studies in Social History) by N. Papayanis

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