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A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated by Michael Axworthy

By Michael Axworthy

Iran is a land of contradictions.

It is an Islamic republic, yet one during which basically 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's non secular tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of existence: wine, good looks, intercourse. Iranian ladies are topic to 1 of the main restrictive costume codes within the Islamic international, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the coed inhabitants of the nation's universities.

In A background of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy historical past of this advanced state from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In attractive prose, this revised variation explains the army, political, spiritual, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on this planet, bringing us up glossy instances. Concluding with an evaluate of the large adjustments the country has gone through because the revolution in 1979, together with an in depth examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to turn into a nuclear energy, A heritage of Iran bargains common readers an important consultant to figuring out this risky country, that is once more on the middle of the world's realization.

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In political milieus in Tehran matters were perceived differently. Qavam’s political fortunes declined and his party soon unravelled. 29 The Tudeh leaders had colluded openly with the Azerbaijan and Kurdish insurrections. They paid a heavy cost in terms of party adherence and prestige. A period of retrospection and purges followed. Before recovering from this setback, the Tudeh found itself in another morass. In February 1949 the Shah survived an assassination attempt in which Tudeh was implicated.

This led to the Shiite uprising in which Sunnites also participated. The episode had left an irredeemable grudge against Britain in Kashani. His opposition to the Turkish model of secular republicanism and his later pro-German sympathies – which cost him arrest and banishment by the British occupying force in the early 1940s – could all be traced back to events in Mesopotamia. During the 1940s Kashani had waged a two-track struggle. One was against the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company’s (AIOC) grip over Iran’s oil resources.

Mosaddeq and his associates, notably Kashani, viewed him as subservient to Britain and believed his appointment had been imposed The Context 23 on the Shah in order to obtain the ratification of the unpopular Supplemental Oil Agreement (SOA) in the Majles. 56 To be sure, the SOA increased Iran’s oil receipts but did not address some simple and perfectly legitimate demands by Iran, such as the right of Iran to look into AIOC accounts, greater Iranian participation in the management, broader Iranization of the workforce etc.

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