By Ervand Abrahamian
In a reappraisal of Iran's sleek historical past, Ervand Abrahamian strains its disturbing trip around the 20th century, throughout the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the guideline of the Pahlavis and, in 1979, revolution and the delivery of the Islamic Republic. within the intervening years, the rustic has skilled a sour warfare with Iraq, the transformation of society below the clergy and, extra lately, the growth of the country and the fight for strength among the outdated elites, the intelligentsia and the economic heart type. the writer is a compassionate expositor. whereas he adroitly negotiates the twists and turns of the country's nearby and foreign politics, on the middle of his e-book are the folk of Iran. it truly is to them and their resilience that this ebook is devoted, as Iran emerges before everything of the twenty-first century as the most robust states within the center East.
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V. (Kennedy). 68. Al-Rayy, or Ray (ancient Rhages ), was a major city in northeastern jibal province. The modem city of Tehran began as a suburb of it. v . Raiy (Minorsky). 69. The revolt of Rafi' b. Layth b. Nair b. Sayyir (apparently the grandson of the last Umayyad governor of Khurisinl was the occasion for al-Rashid's expedition to Khurasan . The revolt had begun in 190/805-6 as an expression of discontent against the misrule of Ali b. 'Isi b. Mahan as governor of Khurasan, developed considerable local support , and was still continuing when al-Rashid died.
They included `Abdallah b. Malik, Yahya b. Mu'adh, Shabib b. Humayd b. Qahtabah,52 al-`Ala' the mawld of Harun,53 al`Abbas b. al-Musayyab b. Zuhayr (who was in charge of his police Ishurtah )), and Ayyub b. Abi Sumayr54 (who was in charge of his correspondence). Of the members of his household 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Abd al-Malik b. $alih55 and Dhu al-Ri'asatayn56 were with him-the latter was one of the men most in his esteem and closest to him . He asked their advice and told them the news. ,ooo horsemen and turn them back .
This palace (its name means " The Palace of Eternity "), overlooking the Tigris amid extensive gardens outside the walls of the Round City, had been The Events of the Year 1193 (cont'd) 3 of Abu Ja'far1O in the city. He commanded the people to be present on Friday . They came, and he led them in worship. Having finished his worship, he ascended the pulpit. He praised and extolled God, announced the death of al-Rashid to the people, and consoled himself and the people. He promised them prosperity, enlarged their hopes, and promised protection" to all and sundry.