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A History of the Spanish Language through Texts by Christopher Pountain

By Christopher Pountain

A background of the Spanish Language via Texts examines the evolution of the Spanish language from the center a long time to the current day. Pountain explores quite a lot of texts from poetry, via newspaper articles and political files, to a Bunuel movie script and a love letter. With keypoints and a cautious indexing and cross-referencing method this ebook can be utilized as a freestanding heritage of the language independently of the illustrative texts themselves.

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Example text

Gaudiosos . . Understood as uobis, since nobis makes poor sense. 3) || MSp. caerá clearly illustrates the analytic Romance future. 5). 0. Keypoint: future and conditional (p. 274). 4) is a relatively long sequence with several interesting features. 18–19, due(n)no); the first of these is in accordance with Castilian cuente, but the second is neither the Castilian diphthong (the spelling suggests [wa] rather than [we]) nor the eventual Castilian form (ome~omne~ombre in Old Castilian and hombre in Modern Spanish).

18) < Lat. 4). Keypoint: relatives (p. 289). 19) < Lat. EST [SUM] ‘to be’ probably indicates a pronunciation [jet]; such a diphthongal development of this verb form is found quite widely in Romance, and significantly in several of the Romance dialect neighbours of Castilian, though Castilian itself has es. 7), though in Latin HO ˘ or HONOS] was masculine. Keypoint: gender (p. 275). 3, in infinitives). Keypoint: final -e (p. 273). 21) < Lat. SE˘DE˘A seamos. 3). 1) that diphthongisation of Lat. /o˘ / is evidenced in this text, and similarly there is evidence for Lat.

Keypoint: personal pronouns (p. 284). 5 Although the syntax is generally intelligible on the basis of Latin, there are some obscurities which cannot be elucidated by appeal to Romance patterns. 5, in the parallel construction which follows). 8) is strange here, whether read as QUA a relative pronoun, and it is difficult to gauge its exact meaning and function. 8) difficult to judge: it has been translated here as ‘are crushed’, but whether it is the equivalent of MSp. son majadas, están majadas or han sido majadas (the latter would correspond to the Latin perfect passive) is unclear.

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