By Slavoj Zizek
Philosophical materialism in all its varieties – from clinical naturalism to Deleuzian New Materialism – has didn't meet the major theoretical and political demanding situations of the trendy international. this can be the load of thinker Slavoj iek’s argument during this pathbreaking and eclectic new paintings. fresh background has noticeable advancements resembling quantum physics and Freudian psychoanalysis, to not converse of the failure of twentieth-century communism, shake our knowing of existence.
In the method, the dominant culture in Western philosophy misplaced its moorings. To convey materialism modern, iek – himself a devoted materialist and communist – proposes an intensive revision of our highbrow history. He argues that dialectical materialism is the one actual philosophical heir of what Hegel distinctive the “speculative” method in thought.
Absolute Recoil is a startling reformulation of the root and chances of modern philosophy. whereas concentrating on easy methods to conquer the transcendental process with no regressing to naïve, pre-Kantian realism, iek bargains a chain of tours into today’s political, inventive, and ideological panorama, from Arnold Schoenberg’s track to the flicks of Ernst Lubitsch.
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Extra resources for Absolute Recoil: Towards A New Foundation Of Dialectical Materialism
E. , something that is definitely superseded, rendered philosophically obsolete, by Hegel’s philosophical achievement. But is not war, the way Hegel conceptualizes it, precisely the (re)assertion of the “pure” essence of the state in contrast to its particular content? In this sense, is not the push-towards-war an exemplary case of the “pure” death drive (pure negativity)? One can, of course, argue that war is today more threatening due to the catastrophic potential of new technologies, but this in no way renders Hegel’s point outdated; it just compels us to reinvent it for contemporary conditions.
Is not their “in itself” the ultimate abstraction of our mind, the result of tearing things out of their network of relations? What science distils as “objective reality” is becoming more and more an abstract formal structure relying on complex scientific and experimental work. Does this mean, however, that scientific “objective reality” is just a subjective abstraction? Not at all, since it is here that one should mobilize the distinction between (experienced) reality and the Real. Alexandre Koyré pointed out how the wager of modern physics is to approach the real by means of the impossible: the scientific Real, articulated in letters and mathematical formulae, is “impossible” (also) in the sense that it refers to something we can never encounter in the reality within which we dwell.
The book’s title refers to the expression absoluter Gegenstoss, which Hegel uses only once, but at a crucial point in his logic of reflection, to designate the speculative coincidence of opposites in the movement by which a thing emerges out of its own loss. The most concise poetic formula of absolute recoil was provided by Shakespeare (no surprise here), in his uncanny Troilus and Cressida (Act 5, Scene 2): O madness of discourse, That cause sets up with and against itself! Bi-fold authority! where reason can revolt Without perdition, and loss assume all reason Without revolt.